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Chichen Itza one of the great cities of the Mayan culture, located southwest of Valladolid (Mexico), in the north of the Yucatan Peninsula. The name, which means 'The mouth of the Cenotes de Itzá', derives from the Itza tribe that occupied the territory and from the two natural wells or cenotes that supplied water to the city and around which the religious life was centered and cultural.
The Maya are famous for their brilliant and advanced astronomical knowledge.
Chichen Itza was founded at the beginning of the 6th century A.D. by the presence of numerous pilgrimages to the great Sacred Cenote, where sacrifices were offered to the rain god Chac, and abandoned around 670. Reconstructed about three hundred years later, when the Itzaes returned to the region, it became the city most important of all the north of Yucatan and in the center of the Mayan culture.
Around the year 1200 the city was conquered by the Toltecs, invaders from northern Mexico, who promoted its development even more. It was abandoned a century before the arrival of the Spaniards.
The Mayan civilization remains a mystery. During the conquest, the evangelizers practically ended all written knowledge of this people. The Mayan people had codices or books that were unfortunately burned.
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