In the Sierra Nevada Park (Granada), on the slope of Veleta Peak, is the Sierra Nevada Observatory. Located at 2,850 meters of altitude, it remains surrounded by snow for much of the year, as can be seen in the image. It is managed by the Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia, which belongs to the Higher Council for Scientific Research, and was inaugurated in 1975.
Category Historical photographs
William Parsons (1800-1867), third count of Rosse, was a famous British astronomer. Deputy in the House of Commons from 1821 to 1834 and representative of Ireland in the House of Lords from 1845, he was a great fan of astronomy. Between 1842 and 1845 he built the largest telescope of the entire 19th century, the Lesonthan of Parsonstown, which had a 1.83 m diameter mirror, weighed almost 4 tons and was mounted at the bottom of a 13-meter-long tube that It was only mobile in the direction of the meridian.
Reverend William Ayscough, an uncle of Isaac Newton and a graduate of Cambridge Trinity College, convinced his mother to send him to Cambridge instead of leaving him on the family farm to help her. In June 1661, at eighteen, Newton was a student of Trinity College, and nothing in his previous studies allowed to glimpse or even expect the dazzling scientific career of the founder of mechanics and optics.
A new chapter in aeronautical history began in July 1950, when the first rocket was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida: Bumper 2. As shown in the photograph, Bumper 2 was an ambitious 2-compartment rocket carrying a V missile. -2 with a WAC Corporal rocket. The upper part was then able to reach a record altitude of 400 kilometers, even higher than what Space Shuttle flies today.
The Astronomical Observatory, or Vatican Telescope, is a scientific research institution that depends directly on the Holy See. Its highest reference body is the State Government of the Vatican City. The Vatican Telescope is located in the Castelgandolfo Palace, in Italy.
How were observations made before telescopes existed? An example of this is the old Beijing Observatory in China. Starting at 1,400, astronomers put great instruments to measure stars and planetary positions more accurately. Pre-telescopic observatories throughout the world date back to ancient times and gave us measurements that helped determine harvest times, navigate ships and determine dates of religious ceremonies.
On April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Alexéevich Gagarin became the first human being in space. His Vostok 1 (East 1) cosmonave, controlled from the ground, launched him at an altitude of 327 kilometers and led him around the planet Earth. Gagarin was strictly a passenger on this flight.
Under the name of Harmonia Macrocosmica a stellar atlas is known that was written by Andreas Cellarius and published in the year 1660. This atlas is formed by copper plate engravings representing the world systems of Claudius Ptolemy, Nicolaus Copernicus and Tycho Brahe. It includes the atlas Harmonia Macrocosmica 30 double folios painted by hand and in color, which are accompanied by approximately 200 pages of explanatory text in Latin.
Gnomonics is part of both the history of astronomy and mathematics and the history of technology. It consists in the study of the measurement of time using solar clocks, and takes into account both its design and its construction and its geometric properties. Before the appearance of mechanical clocks in the fourteenth century, solar clocks were the most commonly used instruments for measuring time, along with clepsidras or hourglasses and fire.
Atlantis was the fourth NASA shuttle that was operational at the Kennedy Space Center. Atlantis benefited from lessons learned in the construction and testing of Enterprise, Columbia and Challenger. Its weight was about 3,163 Kg. Less than the Columbia. The experience gained during the ferry assembly process also allowed Atlantis to be completed with a 49.
From the Renaissance to today From the Renaissance science, arts and culture wake up from the lethargy that the Middle Ages meant. Scientific methods of observation and analysis are introduced, great discoveries are produced and everything is accelerated. Atlas of the Moon Kepler Spheres Trinity College Equations Lagrange Telescope Fraunhofer Telescope Herschel Telescope Parsons Telescope Meeting in Berlin Radiodarm Space and Goddard Space and rockets Old Observatory Harmonia Macrocosmica Vatican Telescope Gnomonic Telescope Reber In this gallery we review the first observations through the telescope to modern space observatories.
William Herschel (1738-1822) was a British nationalized German astronomer who made numerous and important contributions in the field of astronomy. Herschel's interest in astronomy did not manifest until he was 35 years old. With the help of his sister Caroline and his brother Alexander, he built an excellent reflection telescope, using a foundry that he installed in his house.
In the late nineteenth century unsuccessful attempts were made to detect celestial radio emission. US engineer Karl G. Jansky, while working at Bell Laboratories in 1932, was the first to detect noise coming from the region near the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, during an experiment to locate distant sources of terrestrial radio interference.
In April 2003 this huge Russian rocket was launched towards the International Space Station (ISS), orbiting the earth. The rocket carried 2 astronauts who will form the new crew of Expedition 7. In the photo taken at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, we can see the Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft on the white top of the rocket.
Images of the story 160 photographs to illustrate the History of Astronomy and Astronautics. In this collection of images about the History of Astronomy, taken from various sources and grouped here for their educational and cultural interest, we intend to show a series of images about the history of Astronomy and Astronautics that are attractive and interesting.
Space travels. Astronautics Towards the middle of the twentieth century begins a race for the conquest of space, especially between Russians and Americans. Space agencies are born in the United States, the Soviet Union (Russia), Europe, Japan, China… First Gagarin rocket in space Apollo Project Columbia Shuttle Launch Atlantis Space Launch Transporter Rocket Atlas V Soyuz TMA-2 Apollo 8 Aldrin on the Moon Mir Station Animals in space First spacewalk Atmospheric re-entry Space tourist It is the era of space travel; begins the astronautics that, for the moment, has sent humans to the Moon and unmanned ships to many corners of the Solar System and beyond.
Spacecraft photo The space age and astronautics start with the launch of Sputnik 1 by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in October 1957, and with the Explorer 1 by the United States in January 1958. In October 1958 NASA created in the United States. In the next two decades, more than 1 were launched.
The number eight was the second manned flight of the Apollo program and the first Lunar flight. For the first time a manned ship left Earth's orbit and headed towards the Moon. In lunar orbit, television broadcasts were seen by millions of people. The flight of Apollo 8 coincided with Christmas and, therefore, with a large audience.
The Russian Mir space station was designed to provide long periods of accommodation to its crew members while they were in orbit around Earth. It was launched on February 20, 1986 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. At first, the crews reached the Mir on board the Soyuz spacecraft and, later, thanks to the US space program, aboard a space shuttle.
Atmospheric reentry is the movement that takes place from outer space through the atmosphere of a planet. It can be from natural objects such as meteorites, or created by man, such as spacecraft or satellites. Atmospheric reentry to Earth does not always refer to controlled vehicles.